Amazing Serbia

From the mouth of the Velika Morava into the Danube, near Kostolac (a plant of Kostolac Power Station), 100 km to the South-East from Belgrade, on a 450 hectare area, there is the archaeological location Viminacium, the largest and most important Roman settlement in the Eastern Serbia. During the Czar Hadrian, it was the center of the Moesia Superior. It was constructed in the middle of the 1st century A.D., in the territory of the Scordisci Celtic tribe.


This castrum on the bank of the Mlava was founded by the 7th Claudius Legion and they remained in it all the time by the end of the antique era. During its history, Viminacium was developed into the most important military / political, economic and cultural center and it played the decisive role in the events important for the Empire survival, it was the collecting base of the Roman troops in Traian's wars vs. the Dacians.





Under Hadrian, it got a privileged status, in the 3rd century, during Septimus Severus, it was utmost flourishing, during Gordian III it got the right to forge coins, in the 4th century it became the Episcopal center.
At the place of this first archaeological park in Serbia, 18 centuries ago, there was a town with plated streets, villas, late antique basilicas, bathrooms, plumbing, sewerage and central heated stone palaces, agricultural lands and roads connecting Viminacium with other towns. In 249, the rebel Pacatian proclaimed himself for the Emperor and founded the capital. Early 5th century, Viminacium was completely destroyed by the Huns and, since it had the destiny of Pompaeia, it was called 'The Balkans Pompaeia'. It was renovated by the Emperor Justinian.


Since Viminacium is located on the development area of the surface coal mine Drmno, efforts are put to save as much testimony of that time as possible. So far, 13,000 graves were discovered, which is the world record for a location. In the museum of the nearby town Požarevac, there are numerous items from this location, tombstones, a unique Viminacium coast of arms with a Goddess who puts her arms on the bull and lion heads as protection, as well as more than 200 various forms of Roman coins with the faces of 14 Emperors.
This extraordinary tourist attraction is included in the programs of many tour operators and it belongs to the compulsory destinations of the travel groups who sail on the Danube through Serbia, on their way from Vienna to Constancia.


Požarevc Tourist Organization

Tel: + 381 12 221 941

home page