constructed in the 1st century by the Romans, the Emperor Diocletian
lived in it, it was destroyed by the Huns, reconstructed by
the Emperor Justinian. A dominating position on the inaccessible
rock is taken by the Golubački Town. Near
Golubac, there is the Monastery Tumane.
According to a legend, Lepenski
founded after the Deluge by one of the Noia sons. This settlement,
more than 8,000 years old, includes the house remnants with stone
fire places and 54 sculptures of piscine heads, belonging to one
of the oldest civilizations in Europe.
At the place where the Danube is the widest (even 2 kilometers), Donji
Milanovac 'anchored', the geographic center of the Djerdap
Gorge and the National Park under the same name and a nature reservation.
Through its history, the town was removed three times. Near it, there
is Majdanpek with Ore Head, a mine made 5,000 years
BC. the place where Europe stepped from the Stone Age into the Metal
one, 7,000 years ago.
THE LARGE AND
The 150 meters wide passage - the Large Caldron,
in which the Danube is the deepest (90 m) and the Small
Caldron (300 meters wide) are a special attraction.
In this part, opposite to the Trajan's Board,
the Romanians engraved in the rocks the figure of the Dacian
King Decabel, who had heavy fights with Trajan.
The Trajan Board at the exit section of the
Caldron testifies of the human efforts in overcoming the wildness
of the Djerdap canyon.The Emperor Trajan installed it in AD
103 and the engraved text in Latin language says: "Emperor
Caesar, a son of the divine Nerva, Nerva Trajan, Augustus Germanic,
the top priest, representative of the people for the 4th time,
father of the fatherland, Consul for the 4th time, constructed
this road, having overcome the mountain and the Danube rocks".
I HYDRO POWER STATION
Downstream, near the Djerdap I Hydro Power Station (the fifth
large in the world), there are the remnants of the Diana Fortress, constructed
by Trajan, reconstructed by the Early Byzant rulers, partially burned by the
Goths, renewed by the Emperor Justinian and destroyed by the Avaric/ Slavic tribes.
Many Diocletian's castrums were found near Kladovo,
connected by the roads used up to date. The fortress Fetislam (Islam
Protection) dominates in the town and the Djerdap Museum has got
a copy of the relief from the Trajan's Column, showing the most imposing
architectural work of that time - the Trajan's Bridge.